The Journal Line Definition "defines" how the entire journal is built. To create any journal, one of the key things is to get the CCID or the code combination of segments. SLA needs to know where this CCID will be coming from. You also need to know whether this CCID will be debit or this CCID will go into credit. Therefore you not just require the CCID, but you also need to decide whether a specific CCID will be debited or credited. In SLA, the "Journal Line Type" will specify whether the accounting entry is credit or debit. Also, you can then "attach something called an ADR to this Journal Line Type". The ADR returns the final code combination. Therefore Journal Line type will leverage the JLT+ADR to know which CCID is crediting and which CCID is debiting in the journal.
For each and every application there is a combination of event class and event type. Depending upon the combination of event class and event type the accounting gets triggered. The standard SLA out of the box from Oracle meets your requirement by 90%. For example you can fetch the standard accounting from payables or receivables options. However where these standard seeded accounting do not suffice, you can go and modify SLA to meet your business needs.
There is something called as Journal Entry Description. When a transaction is transferred as a journal, then every journal has credit/debit and description. The journal has description at header and also at line level. The JED allows you to generate the description of the Journal at both header and line level. For example you may want Customer Name or Customer Number in the journal description for a journal that is initiated from Oracle Receivables module. Using JED in SLA you can build header or line level descriptions.
The image below describes the end result journal that is produced by SLA
In JLT Journal Line Type, you can specify whether the entry is for credit or debit side. The Journal Line Type also provides options to do accounting for Gain/Loss of Foreign currency transactions. Further to that you can specify if SLA should merge the journal lines that have same CCID.
ADR - We specify how the account combination must be generated. We tell the system how we want the CCID should be built and transferred to the general ledger. You can either transfer the standard account as calculated within Subledger(AP or AR or PA etc) or the account generated from Subledger can be modified or replaced via ADR configuration within SLA.
Further to this, when defining ADR, you can specify the conditions under which a specific segment or CCID is returned. These conditions are like IF Conditions.
It is good to remember that the "Journal Line Definition=JED+JLT+ADR"
This is visible from the screenshot as shown below
You will notice that two "Journal Line Types" have been attached to this Journal Line Definition. The first journal line type assignment creates a credit line in the journal and the second journal line type assignment creates a debit line in the journal.
By now you would have understood the significance of Journal Line Definition. However you might be wondering how this Journal Line Definition gets associated with a Subledger transaction. For example, how does Oracle E-Business Suite decide which specific Journal Line Definition should be used when a specific event takes place against an invoice in Oracle Payables. In other words, how will SLA decide how the Journal will be constructed when an invoice is validated within Payables. We will learn this via AAD in next part of the article using Application Accounting Definitions.
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